The use of stem cells in joint and tendon injuries is one of the most exciting developments in science. The promise of repairing damaged tissue with normal functioning cells (cartilage, tendons etc.) instead of scar tissue is mind blowing.


What is a stem cell?
The human body is made up of cells. A heart muscle cell looks and functions differently than say  a nerve cell in your brain. Initially they all came from one celled embryo that divided and changed as the body formed they grew into separate cell types. Stem cells are remnants of those early cells with the potential to become any of the specialized cells that make up a human body.

The promise of stem cells is that if they can be collected and made to change into a functioning cell they can be used to fix damaged tissue. Different tissues have different ability to repair them selves and if they cannot the best the body can often do is form fibrous scar tissue. But what if you have cartilage damage that causes arthritis stem cells can potentially change into new cartilage. If you have a chronic tendon injury or tear , the tendon can heal itself with tendon cells versus scar tissue that never has the same properties of a normal tendon.


Where do they come from?
Stem cells can come from many places: to date they can be derived from bone marrow, fat areas and your blood.


USES: (orthopedic)
Arthritis: knee,ankle,foot (office procedure)
Tendon injuries  (office procedure)
Bone fusions/Bone healing (operating room)
Plantar Fasciitis   (office procedure)


Presently Dr. Sheskier is using stem cells that are derived from bone marrow. It is a procedure that can be done comfortably in the office. An area over your knee or pelvis is numbed with local anesthesia ( marcaine) and a needle placed into bone . Bone marrow is then sucked out and spun done sterilely using a special centrifuge. The stem cell rich portion is then injected into the joint (for arthritis) or a tendon/ligament to have repair it. The technique takes  30-40 minutes